Following the ratification of bilateral agreements II, the Swiss government lowered its review of full EU membership from a „strategic objective“ to an „option“, signalling that the nation is not ready to take steps to become a member of the EU. Switzerland and the European Union are now considering a third round of bilateral agreements, but differences have emerged between the EU and Switzerland over other bespoke agreements. Some EU officials have begun to reject Switzerland`s bilateral approach to relations with the EU, which they consider too bureaucratic. The EU also wants a broader agreement and Switzerland wants to automatically adopt EU law, but Switzerland insists on continuing the bilateral trend. In summary, this so-called „bilateral“ approach works well for both parties and in particular allows for a fluid trade relationship. These relationships can be problematic. Switzerland and the EU are currently working on issues related to cross-border services and wage protection (the so-called eight-day rule). The ongoing implementation of these agreements obliges Switzerland to adopt relevant EU legislation in the covered sectors. There are currently more than 100 bilateral agreements between the EU and Switzerland. In 2004, a series of sectoral agreements (known as „bilateral II“) were signed, including Switzerland`s participation in Schengen and Dublin, as well as agreements on the taxation of savings, processed agricultural products, statistics, anti-fraud, participation in the EU media programme and the Environment Agency.
In 2009, the Swiss voted in favour of extending the free movement of people to Bulgaria and Romania from 59.6% to 40.4%.  While the 2004/38/EC European Directive on the right of free movement and residence does not apply directly to Switzerland, the bilateral agreement between Switzerland and the EU on the free movement of persons has the same rights for both Swiss citizens and eee and their family members.  Cooperation between the EU and Switzerland is based on a set of 120 bespoke agreements, 25 of which could be considered the main bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU. In 1994, Switzerland and the EU began negotiations to establish special relations outside the EEA. Switzerland wanted to guarantee economic integration with the EU that the EEA agreement would have allowed, while cleaning up the relationship between the contentious issues that led citizens to reject the referendum. Swiss politicians stressed the bilateral nature of these negotiations, which conducted negotiations between two equal partners and not between 16, 26, 28 or 29, as is the case with the negotiations on the EU-EU treaty. In keeping with its long tradition of sovereignty and neutrality, Switzerland is one of the handfuls of Western European nations that have not joined the European Union. The Swiss, bordering on all sides of the Member States, have bilateral relations with the EU. In 2001, the Swiss voted on a popular initiative to start accession negotiations, but almost 77% of voters chose to separate Switzerland from the European Union.