The bicameral system in the United States consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate – collectively known as Congress. Article 1, Section 1 of the United States Constitution establishes the Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. There are both historical and practical reasons for having two houses of the legislature. Each house also has unique powers. Only members of the House of Representatives may criminally charge (impeach) the President and other federal officials; the Senate then considers the matter. The House of Representatives also decides on presidential elections if no candidate obtains a majority of the votes in the electoral college. And every bill that raises taxes comes from the House of Representatives, which is why it is said that the House has the power of the stock exchange. The Senate votes to confirm the appointment of more than 1,000 executive officials and can ratify treaties by a two-thirds majority. Each state also has two senators (a system called equal representation) who are directly elected by voters and serve for six years. Prior to the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1913, state legislators could elect senators who tended to be elites.
The Constitution also created an executive and a judiciary that established a system of checks and balances. The three branches would have a distribution of power, so that no branch could become more powerful than another. Early on, Virginia Governor Edmund Randolph introduced the Virginia Plan, which called for a three-branch national government. The legislature would make laws, the executive would take the initiative and enforce the laws, and the judiciary would explain and interpret the laws. On the 14th. In June, when the Convention was ready to consider the virginia plan report, William Paterson of New Jersey requested an adjournment to give some delegations more time to develop an alternative plan. The motion was accepted, and the next day Paterson introduced nine resolutions containing the necessary amendments to the articles of confederation, which were followed by a lively debate. On June 19, delegates rejected New Jersey`s plan and voted to continue discussion on the Virginia plan. Small States have become increasingly dissatisfied and some have threatened to withdraw. On July 2, the Convention was deadlocked because it gave each state an equal vote in the upper house, with five states affirmative, five negative and one divided. The Connecticut Compromise (also known as the Great Compromise of 1787 or Sherman Compromise) was an agreement reached by the large and small states at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which partially established the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It retained the bicameral legislature, as proposed by Roger Sherman, as well as proportional representation of states in the lower house or house of representatives, but required that the upper house or Senate be weighted equally between states.
Each state would have two representatives in the House of Lords. A practical reason for a bicameral system is to prevent the legislator from having too much power – internal control of the industry. The two-chamber system is intended to ensure checks and balances and prevent possible abuses of power. Exactly 200 years earlier, the designers of the United States had reached an extremely important agreement. Their so-called Grand Compromise (or Connecticut Compromise in honor of its architects, Connecticut delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth) offered a dual system of representation in Congress. In the House of Representatives, each state would be allocated a number of seats relative to its population. In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats. Today, we take this regulation for granted; in the heat and wilted summer of 1787, it was a new idea. Less populous states like Delaware feared that such an arrangement would result in their voices and interests being drowned out by the big states.
Many delegates also felt that the convention did not have the power to completely remove the articles of confederation, as the Virginia Plan would. In response, William Paterson of the delegation to New Jersey on June 15, 1787, proposed a one-house legislature. Every State should be represented on an equal footing in that body, regardless of population. The New Jersey plan, as it was called, would have enacted the articles of the Confederacy, but would have modified them to somewhat expand the powers of Congress.  To ensure fair and equal representation in the House of Representatives, the process of „redistribution“ is used to establish or modify geographical boundaries within the states from which representatives are elected. The disagreement over representation threatened to derail ratification of the U.S. Constitution, with delegates on both sides of the dispute vowing to reject the document if they failed to get what they wanted. The solution took the form of a compromise proposed by Connecticut statesmen Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth. The burning question was how many representatives of each state. Delegates from larger, more populous states favored Virginia`s plan, which provided that each state should have a different number of representatives based on the state`s population. Delegates from small states supported New Jersey`s plan, under which each state would send the same number of representatives to Congress. The matter was referred to a committee composed of one delegate from each State to reach a compromise. The 5.
In July, the Committee submitted its report, which became the basis for the Convention`s „Grand Compromise“. The report recommended that in the Upper House, each state should have the same vote, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants, count slaves as three-fifths of a resident, and that banknotes come from the House of Commons (subject to change by the Upper House). The Great Compromise of 1787, also known as the Sherman Compromise, was an agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 between delegates from large and small states that determined the structure of Congress and the number of representatives each state would have in Congress under the United States Constitution. Under the agreement proposed by Connecticut Delegate Roger Sherman, Congress would be a „bicameral or bicameral body,“ with each state receiving one number of representatives in the lower house (the House) in proportion to its population and two representatives in the upper house (the Senate). A bicameral system is a reference to a government with two chambers or legislative chambers. Bicameral is the Latin word that describes a two-tier legislative system. The bicameral system originated in England, and the United States adopted this system when it was founded. Roger Sherman, a delegate from Connecticut, proposed a two-part legislature.
This created a bicameral legislature that gave each state in the Senate equal representation and population-based representation in the House of Representatives. Small States feared being ignored if representation was based on population, while large States felt that their larger populations deserved more weight. In the bicameral system, each party would be represented in a balance of power. Each state would also be represented in the Senate with two senators, while representation in the House of Representatives would be based on population. Delegates eventually agreed to this „Great Compromise,“ also known as the Connecticut Compromise. In the United Kingdom, the bicameral system consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords represents a smaller, more elitist class, while the House of Commons represents a larger, more ordinary class.